October 2, 2022

For those who miss the hamburger, math can provide you some time-saving cooking suggestions.

In response to theoretical calculations, a rise within the variety of flips of a burger from one facet to the opposite reduces its cooking time by virtually a 3rd. However dwelling cooks most likely will not see a lot profit from greater than three or 4 flips, mathematician Jean-Luc Tiffaut reported June 17 within the journal. Physics D.

Tiffaut used math to mannequin how warmth travels via an “infinite” piece of meat that’s constantly cooked from the underside facet solely and cooled from the highest till the meat is turned over. The evaluation confirmed that turning heated the meat evenly, dashing up the cooking. And extra flips led to sooner cooking. For instance, in case you flip this theoretical 1 centimeter-thick patty simply as soon as, the cooking time shall be 80 seconds, and 10 flips at intervals of 6 to 11 seconds will give a cooking time of 69 seconds. Persevering with to flip the burger resulted in a most 29 % discount in cooking time.

However the time-saving profit appeared to decrease because the variety of tosses exceeded a sure threshold, says Tiffo of the College of Wisconsin-Madison. “After three or 4 tosses, the acquire in time is negligible.”

Tiffo’s findings are in keeping with what chef and meals author J. Kenji Lopez-Alt noticed within the kitchen. In a 2019 article for foods and drinks web site Critical Eats, Kenji Lopez-Alt in contrast how lengthy it takes for a hamburger’s inner temperature to achieve roughly 52° Celsius or 125° Fahrenheit, relying on the cooking methodology. Flipping the hamburger each 15 seconds — as a substitute of flipping the patty solely as soon as — cuts cooking time by virtually a 3rd.

However there isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution to make a hamburger, notes Kenji Lopez-Alt. “The concept of ​​one thing excellent is simply bullshit, proper?” He says. “All of it is determined by what you need.”

Tiffo’s buddies most likely will not like his theoretical hamburger, the mathematician jokes. An infinite piece of meat is taken into account cooked when it reaches 70°C or 158°C. Fahrenheit. “It isn’t a burger they wish to eat as a result of it is a fairly properly performed burger,” he says.

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